Urine is made up of mostly water plus various toxins and waste materials that we need to excrete from out bodies via the urinary tract. Our urinary tracts are one of the body's most effective ways to get rid of whatever chemicals are inside it that the body no longer needs. The kidneys are the organs that filter unnecessary things out of our blood stream and send them as waste to be sent to the bladder. In the bladder, the waste accumulates, and when the bladder is full enough, it sends signals to the brain that it needs to be emptied by peeing which is otherwise know as micturition. That gives you the urge to urinate.
When you urinate, the urine is produced by the kidneys out of the mixture of the following:
Many people as why urine is yellow. Well, here is when we uncover the mystery. The yellow color of urine comes from a chemical called urobilin. Urobilin is a breakdown product of the bile pigment bilirubin which itself is a breakdown product of hemoglobin from dead red blood cells. So the short explanation is that the yellow color in pee comes from the breakdown of red blood cells that causes a byproduct that is useless to the body, and the body tries to get rid of it. That byproduct gives urine the yellow tint. If pee is different color, it may be because some of the metabolic processes are off for one reason or another. But do not jump to any conclusions just yet. There are many different possible non-yellow colors of urine and they all have their causes and risks. Most of the time they are harmless and your urination goes back to normal on its own.
Lets get back to the discussion of the urine does have the yellow tint. Most bilirubin is partly broken down in the liver, stored in the gall bladder and the intestines, and excreted in the feces (bilirubin makes feces brown). Some bilirubin remains in the bloodstream to be extracted by the kidneys where it is converted to urobilin which gives urine the yellow color.
Pure yellow urine color is a good sign, telling us that the eco system of our urinary and digestive tract is generally functioning well. In case of problems with some organs, metabolism, or our diets, urine color can be an indicator that something may be off. Dark urine may be a sign of too much urobilin, dehydration, or even bleeding somewhere along the urinary tract which may be giving it the extra big of dark shade. Light-colored urine is typically a good sign that you are well-hydrated and avoiding urinary tract infections and problems.
At times, for various reasons, urine can come out a different color than the common yellow or white urine we are accustomed to seeing. If the urine is white, it can just mean that it had not sat in your bladder long enough to mix in with the chemicals that give it the yellow shade. There are many reasons for that. One common reason is Oliguria which is frequent urination. Other reasons may be simply over-hydration which isn't bad at all. Another reason may be some sort of a metabolic problem that is causing decreased red blood cell metabolism and production.
In case you see red or pink urine, that can commonly be caused from red-colored foods like beets, wine, or many others. Some of the other colors can be black pee that can come from a rare genetic disorder, green urine, or orange urine which occurs most often in cases of dehydration. If you see a change in the color of your pee, do not be immediately alarmed. Most of the time the symptoms go away on their own. Of the symptoms persist, you should help getting a diagnosis from a qualified healthcare professional such as a doctor specializing in urology.
If your diet changes and the strange symptoms remain when you pee, you may want to seek a diagnosis from either a healthcare professional or by taking an over-the-counter urine test at the comfort of your own home. An over-the-counter urine test is the simplest approach because it is cheaper than going to the doctor and you can get results right away. There are many different take home urine test that will test your protein level, blood glucose levels, and more.
If your urine symptoms are severe, and you have the means, you should consult with a healthcare professional to correctly interpret the results of the tests. The healthcare professional such a urologist or your physician can determine the root cause of the green pee you are experiencing, or possibly send you for other tests in order to get a more clear picture of your condition. The healthcare professional has the knowledge and experience to interpret your family history, personal health history, your test results, and other factors to make the right diagnosis.
Yellow pee is a great way to ensure that your urinary tract health is generally intact. With a lifestyle that promotes healthy diet and regular exercise, you can prevent many health problems and diseases from occurring. Unfortunately, not everyone maintains such an optimal lifestyle. If you feel that you can not keep the healthiest diet and a most regular exercise regimen, one option is to take vitamins to give your body and your organs some help in staying healthy. For urinary tract in particular, since the kidneys and the bladder are arguably the two most important urinary tract organs, there are many vitamins that help maintain kidney and bladder health.
In general, if you have yellow urine, you are likely all the right things to keep a healthy urinary tract like drinking plenty of healthy fluids, and maintaining a healthy enough diet. Just monitor your pee for any signs of changes so that you can understand why the change may be happening and take the right steps in treating whatever the issue may be.