Orange or dark urine is typically a sign of dehydration. In cases of dehydration, orange urine may be an even earlier warning sign than thirst, so monitor your urine color and incorporate more fluids into your diet if you see orange urine.
Since the most common cause of orange urine is simply waiting too long to pee while the waste collects, sits, and interacts with various types of other waste in your bladder, the first common sense thing to do is to drink more fluids like water so that your bladder fills up faster with the water, and you feel the urge to pee more frequently so that you can remove all the waste more frequently. Experiencing dark pee is ok every once in a while, but if you allow this to happen for long periods of time, you may be putting your bladder and related organs at risk.
While there are many organs in the urinary tract, the two most important organs and the kidneys and the bladder. In case you feel that your lifestyle or dietary habits do not put you on course to have healthy bladder and kidneys, you may consider taking vitamins to supplement gaps in your diet. Keep in mind, in the US, none of the vitamins are required to undergo FDA testing. Nevertheless, many people take vitamins every day. Take a look at an inexpensive set of vitamins made especially for kidney and bladder health promotion:
If cases of liver problems or liver disease, the liver can not do its job of red blood cell metabolism and is not able to help in the excretion of byproducts. Bilirubin is a byproduct of red blood cell metabolism and when it accumulates, it is sometimes eliminated through urine and creates orange urine.
If the urine is very orange, it may look brown and blood may be present. The urinary tract may bleed due to infectious bacteria, disease, or cancer. See your doctor for correct diagnosis and prescription of the right urinalysis
Orange urine can also be a result of high urine to water concentration. Sometimes that is the result of urine production problems like Anuria (nearly no urine production) or Oliguria (reduced urine production). In case of severe urine gravity concentration, the orange urine color may appear as though it is brown urine.
Orange urine can be caused by the presence of various particles in urine which affect the color of the pee. This condition is a condition called Melanuria.
Sometimes orange food causes orange urine. If you have orange urine, think back whether you have eaten these foods recently:
The color of urine is also different throughout the day. Since the urine sits in the bladder throughout the night, when we first get up in the morning and urinate, the strong concentration of the urine that had accumulated during the night might make the pee appear orange, but that is just a normal occurrence of the typically yellow colored urine. If you are curious why the urine is usually yellow, it is because of a chemical called urobilin.
So if you experience orange urine in the mornings, it is probably ok and you may do well do drink more water or other non-caffeinated fluids. If you see darker urine colors like brown urine it may be more of a concern because chances are there is more in the urine than just the concentrated urobilin. If you see blood in your urine, which is a condition called Hematuria you may want to do some tests on your urine to check for presence of abnormal substances which may help you diagnose the cause for the unusual appearance of your pee.
Exercise can cause urine to become darker, more concentrated and sometimes appear red or more of a dark yellow. Losing a lot of water through physical activity, can make the urine in the bladder more concentrated and therefore appear darker, giving the appearance of orange urine or brown urine. The pee that accumulates there has less percentage of water, and more other chemicals that are byproducts of metabolism. During and after exercise, your metabolic rate increases since the body needs to work harder. Therefore there are more metabolic byproducts that need to be filtered out by the kidneys and excreted via the urinary tract.
Athletes, and especially marathon runners, commonly note having red, orange, or even brown urine. That happens as a result of prolonged exercise. When the body needs energy and oxygen, it uses a protein called Myoglobin. Myoglobin molecules have an oxygen molecule attached to them and are a good source of extra oxygen when the body needs it. Once the myoglobin protein is released and gets into the bloodstream, the kidneys filter the protein and remove it as waste while peeing. Since the protein has a red color, the urine gets a red tint from the Myoglobin. For that reason, marathoners sometimes complain about having red urine. They think the redness comes from the blood, but often it is from the color of Myoglobin.
The reason urine is typically yellow is the presence of a chemical called Urochrome (an end product of hemoglobin breakdown). When Urochrome is concentrated, it creates darker shades of yellow (orange).
More about Urochrome
The pituitary glad is responsible for releasing a hormone that controls the amount of water in the bloodstream that gets filtered out to become urine and be removed as waste. Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) is the hormone that controls the amount of urine production. ADH is released if the body is dehydrated. This hormone is responsible for producing less urine by keeping more water in the bloodstream. So if the urine becomes darker or orange-colored, it may mean that the body is not releasing enough ADH and the water levels of the urine are lower than usual because the body is trying to conserve water.
You can not completely stop all health problems that may happen to you over the course of your life, but you can work to prevent many problems from developing. The most important thing you can do is maintain a healthy diet and exercise regularly. The urinary tract is very connected to the functions of the rest of the body, so if you keep your body healthy, your urinary tract should be healthy as well. If you feel that you can not keep the healthiest diet and a most regular exercise regimen, one option is to take vitamins to help give your body and your organs some help in staying healthy.
Keep in mind that in the United States, vitamins and supplements are not required to undergo the same rigorous testing as medicines do. So do not readily trust what it says of the labels of vitamins.