Brown Urine

Brown urine is usually a symptom of very dense urine concentration. This can be a result of simple (yet always dangerous) dehydration, or a number of urinary tract problems. If the condition is not chronic and the color of urine goes back to the normal yellow urine that most people are used to seeing, then there is likely no problem. If the condition of having brown urine persists, a number of urine tests can be performed in a laboratory or at home. The tests can measure the concentration of all chemical particles in the urine.

If you take the urine test (urinalysis), you have to be careful about your diet and lifestyle for a few days before the test. The days before collecting the urine sample are very important. Patients need to make sure that their lifestyle does not alter the density or gravity of their urine. Doing drugs, eating too much of certain foods, or even over-exercising can cause urine specific gravity to change.

After patients make sure to maintain normal dietary intake and lifestyle, their urine sample should reveal the true specific gravity of urine. There is a certain water concentration that the doctor will look for. If patients have too many particles or urine sediments, it may be a sign for any number of concerns. The condition of having various substances in urine is called Melanuria and causes pee to darken.

Possible Urinary Tract Problems

Dehydration is the simplest cause of increased urine gravity and dark urine color. Diarrhea can carry extra liquids out of the body, so if you are experiencing loose stools, make sure to drink more water. A similar situation is true for excessive exercise. Make sure to get enough fluids in back in your system.

Other more serious causes of brown urine are Addison's disease, Glucosuria, red urine (Hematuria), Renal arterial stenosis, or problems with having too much protein in urine known as Proteinuria or Albuminuria. Other urinary problems that can cause increased urine density are Anuria or Oliguria (reduced urine production). Another cause of brown urine are Urinary Tract Infections (URI).

Kidney and Bladder Problem Prevention

While there are many organs in the urinary tract, the two most important organs and the kidneys and the bladder. In case you feel that your lifestyle or dietary habits do not put you on course to have healthy bladder and kidneys, you may consider taking vitamins to supplement gaps in your diet. Keep in mind, in the US, none of the vitamins are required to undergo FDA testing. Nevertheless, many people take vitamins every day. Take a look at an inexpensive set of vitamins made especially for kidney and bladder health promotion:

Brown and Black Urine

Black urine, though uncommon, is usually a result of a genetic metabolic disorder called Alkaptonuria that causes black urine. It is sometimes confused with brown urine, but they are quite different. Brown urine is more likely due to a concentration of very different chemicals than would be present if urine was black.

Hormones and Hydration Levels

The pituitary glad is responsible for releasing a hormone that controls the amount of water in the bloodstream that gets filtered out to become urine and be removed as waste. Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) is the hormone that controls the amount of urine production. ADH is released if the body is dehydrated. This hormone is responsible for producing less urine by keeping more water in the bloodstream. So if the urine becomes much darker as would be the case if you are seeing brown-colored urine, it may mean that the body is not releasing enough ADH and the water levels of the urine are lower than usual because the body is trying to conserve water. This may occur in cases of severe dehydration.

Seeking Diagnosis

While there are a number of tests available ranging from over the counter kits people can purchase at local pharmacies to laboratory tests the results of which are examined by a doctor, if your condition remains the same or worsens, you may be well advised to seek help of a highly qualified health care professional.

Problem Prevention is Always Best

It is financially and emotionally difficult to start trying to diagnose and treat problems once they begin showing their symptoms. It is much easier to try to prevent problems from occurring in the first place before they begin to develop. Some of the simple ways to try to prevent problems from happening are keeping a healthy diet that includes plenty of fruit and vegetables, keeping a regular exercise regimen and keeping your weigh down at a healthy level. This may seem expensive and a lot of work, but it is nothing in comparison with what you will have to do if you develop a serious health condition that will eat away at your energy, finances, happiness, and overall life quality.

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