Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder in which there are cysts that grow in the kidneys. The kidney cysts they are filled with fluid and often have the effect of enlarging the kidneys while replacing much of the normal structure, resulting in reduced kidney function and lead to kidney failure.
The most common symptoms of Polycystic Kidney are pain in the back and side pain. There is also pain between the ribs and hips. Patients also report having headaches. Further complications may include urinary tract infections and often gross hematuria. Other complications are abnormal heart valves, high blood pressure, or kidney stones.
Once cysts have grown to about one-half inch, diagnosis is possible with imaging technology like CT scans and MRI scans. There is no cure for kidney cysts, and treatment often focuses on patient comfort levels and prolonging of life. Take a look at more information about urinalysis and take-home tests like the urine dipstick test.