Fluid Retention, otherwise known as Edema, can occur from a number of problems due to which the body can no longer remove fluids on its own.
Urinary tract problems like kidney failure or bladder problems can create an inability to properly get rid of the urine due to blockages or inflammation.
Water retention is also known as Edema. Edema results when water leaks into the body tissues from the blood. Typically, fluid is drained from the body tissues through the lymphatic system which removes waste and extraneous material. Patients with Edema typically have water go into their feet and legs, hands, arms, and the abdominal cavity. That creates a look of a completely swollen person.
Water retention is grouped into two categories: Generalized edema (swelling that occurs throughout the body) and Localized edema (swelling in specific parts of the body).
If you are experiencing inexplicable (not from any kind of blow to the body part) swelling in any of your body parts, aches, feelings of stiff joints and aching bones, these are some signs that you may be experiencing some form of fluid retention. Additional symptoms may be rapid weight gain due to the extra water in the body. In some cases of fluid retention, if you press the swollen skin, it may hold the pressed shape for one of two seconds. If you experience any number of these symptoms, you should seek a diagnosis and treatment as soon as you can.
There are a number of common reasons for fluid retention that do not mean that there is something wrong with your body at all. Sometimes, just standing up for a while makes the fluids in your body go down due to gravity. In hotter climates or during hot-weather days, the body does not remove liquids as efficiently and some may be left over in your body longer. The same is true for having burns or sunburn since they make the body feel hotter.
For women, there are a few extra reasons why they can retain fluids. This is a common occurrence right before menstruation or during pregnancy. Women who are taking birth control pills, or other medications (commonly NSAIDs) are also more likely to retain fluids.
The cause can also be a dietary or metabolic problem where something is preventing the fluid from being properly metabolized and removed by your body. If you think it is that, you should seek diagnosis from a healthcare professional, and learn about treatment options that are right for you.
Some serious health conditions may cause people to retain fluids such as improperly functioning kidneys, heart conditions where the heart isn't pumping blood efficiently, and problems with many of body's important organs. Whenever we have a major issue with one of the major organs, the body experiences a domino effect where many peripheral problems are caused, fluid retention being an example of one such problem.