Blood clots in urine can be a sign of an internal injury that causes bleeding, inflammation, or disease. The medical term used for blood in the urine is hematuria. Blood clots in urine obviously result from large enough bleeding to turn the color of urine red and have visible clots. Visible presence of blood in urine is called gross hematuria.
Injuries from strong blows to the organs in the urinary tract can also cause internal bleeding which may show itself as urine blood clots. Inflammation is another common cause, especially inflammation of the urethra, kidneys or the bladder, prostate gland enlargement, nephritic syndrome, renal vein thrombosis, bladder tumor, kidney tumor, bladder cancer, renal cell carcinoma (a type of kidney cancer), obstruction of the urinary tract, polycystic kidney disease or blood disorders.
Women sometimes mistake vaginal bleeding for hematuria and men may mistake bloody ejaculation, which is associated with prostrate problems for blood in urine.
Often, the reason for the blood clots to appear in urine are urinary tract infections. One way to prevent UTIs is to drink more water so that the urine fills up the bladder at a more rapid pace, which will make you feel the urge to urinate more frequently. As a result, you will pee more often, and your bladder will empty out more often, which will decrease the chance of bacteria having the opportunity to multiply inside your bladder.
To diagnose the true cause of the clots that may appear in urine, a number of imaging or urinalysis tests can be performed. Also, personal and family history play an important role in the testing and diagnosis of the root cause of the clots. Accompanying symptoms like pain, swelling, or anything else out of the ordinary are also searched for in order to give additional clues about why the blood clots are happening.
Possible tests are blood tests, urinalysis, urine cultures, ultrasound of the abdomen and renal tract, CT scan, cystoscopy and X-ray. Biopsy can be performed in cases of suspected cancer.
Remember, if you just start to experience this symptom, because it can be caused by such a wide array of factors, it is important to monitor how it progresses. Often, the symptoms simply go away on their own and the body heals itself. If the symptoms become worse or become chronic, you should definitely seek a diagnosis from a qualified healthcare professional.