Bladder Cancer

Bladder Cancer Definition

Bladder Cancer - cancerous tumor in the bladder(organ holding urine) that usually starts from the cells lining the bladder (transitional cells). These tumors may be classified based on the way they grow:

Risk of bladder cancer is increased by:

Distended Bladder Stages

Bladder cancers are classified on their aggressiveness and total spread in stage from 0-4 Bladder cancer spreads by extending into the nearby organs, including the:

Distended Bladder Symptoms

Bladder cancer symptoms can resemble symptoms of many other conditions. They are

Bladder Cancer Tests and Diagnosis

Tests for bladder cancer include

Bladder Cancer Medical Treatments

Treatment depends on the stage, severity and symptoms of the cancer as well as the condition of the patient.

Chometherapy - drugs that kill healthy and tumor cells

Immunotherapy - medication that causes the immune system to attack and kill the tumor cells. Immunotherapy for bladder cancer is usually performed using the Bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine (commonly known as BCG).

Transurethal resection of the bladder (TURB) - surgical procedure performed under general or spinal anesthesia used to treat stage 0 or I bladder cancer where a cutting instrument is inserted through the urethra to remove the bladder tumor.

Bladder Removal (radical cystectomy) - patients with stage II or III bladder cancer may need to have their bladder removed. Patients who have the entire bladder removed will receive chemotherapy after surgery to decrease the risk of the cancer coming back.

Radical cystectomy (men) - typically the removing of the bladder, prostate, and seminal vesicles.

Radical cystectomy (women) - typically the removal of the bladder, urethra, uterus, and the front wall of the vagina.

Urinary diversion surgery - surgical procedure to create an alternate method for urine storage.

Ilean Conduit - surgically created urine reservoir that drains urine from the kidneys.

Contintnt Urinary Reservoir - an alternate method of storing urine in an internal pouch.

Orthopedic Neobladder - surgery where a segment of bowel is folded over to make a pouch (a neobladder) that is attached to the place in the urethra where the urine normally empties from the bladder.

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