Anuria is the inability to urinate due to either not being able to produce urine, or having a blockage along the urinary tract. Anuria typically results from serious health problems such as kidney stones or other blockages along the urinary tract. Blockages can be result of swelling from inflammation or even tumors. If a blockage is severe enough, it will restrict the flow of pee entirely, and cause nearly no urine to get through. Anuria can also occur due to severe kidney problems like kidneys failure. It is difficult to diagnose the causes of Anuria with urine tests because the patient actually has no urine that can be tested. Renal dialysis (artificial filtering of waste products) is usually performed to help patients remove waste. Diagnosis is sometimes made by the inserting a catheter to see if any urine is stored in the bladder.
One of the most common causes of being unable to produce urine is renal failure which is just another way to say kidney failure. Kidneys can fail due to a number of underlying causes. Some of the common causes of renal failure are diabetes (which takes a tremendous toll on the kidneys), high blood pressure, chronic alcohol consumption, various disorders that put extra pressure on the kidneys on a regular basis, or even certain medications. Kidney failure must be treated immediately. If untreated, the patient can die within a few days because they are not able to remove the waste from their bodies, keeping all the waste inside them.
Kidney stones can sometimes become large enough to create a blockage which does not allow the urine to get through. In cases with that level of severity, it it necessary to see a medical professional as soon as you can. Retaining urine for a long time can be toxic to your body as it often contains many chemicals which your body is trying to remove. In case of bacteria, the unremoved urine becomes even more toxic as the bacteria gets a chance to multiply while still in your body. The urine also builds up in your body, causing swelling and buildup of bacteria in other organs, which can cause further damage in your body to organs that were healthy before. If you do not pee for over one day, pay extreme attention to any accompanying symptoms like weakness, changes in skin color, bloating, etc. You may want to see a doctor to help you get a diagnosis for why this is happening.
Chronic problems which consistently put pressure on the kidneys can cause all sorts of long-term kidney problems that lead to kidney failure, of which Anuria is a symptom. As an example, one metabolic problem that puts pressure on the kidneys is when they have to filter extra substances like proteins. A common condition of having too much protein in urine is called Albuminuria in which a protein called Albumin is found in urine in excess amounts. For men, one cause of greatly reduced urine flow may be blockage caused by an enlarged prostate.
Some common misdiagnosis occur when people go through dietary, lifestyle, or environmental changes. Of course, if you go from a moderate climate to a desert-like climate, and maintain your regular liquid and food consumption levels, your body will try to conserve the water that it has, and you will have the urge to urinate much less frequently. The same is true with activity levels. If you suddenly become much more active, and do not drink more healthy fluids, your body will also get into conservation mode. Be mindful of changes in diet and your surroundings. They can have an impact on your urination frequency, and if they slow it down too much, you may wonder why this is happening and begin to worry. Try consuming more liquids first to see if that will cause your urination frequency to get back to normal.
If the underlying cause of the stoppage of urine removal is an obstruction, insertion of a catheter to remove the urine through the catheter tube may be an option. Surgery to remove the obstruction is also a common treatment option. In case of kidney failure, the treatment options become much more difficult. Some patients require donor kidneys. Without a new kidney, a large percentage of renal failure patients do not survive.
It is important to understand that Anuria is itself a symptom and not an actual disease or disorder. It is just one of other possible accompanying symptoms that may be a sign of a disease or disorder in the body. Some accompanying symptoms may include pain, especially in the lower abdominal region and the back. Another symptoms is that some of your body parts may swell up from the fluid retention. In case of more severe causes for Anuria, a slew of other symptoms may also be present such as irritability, feeling of nausea and sickness, fevers, chills, etc.
If you experience this health problem, you should seek medical assistance as soon as possible. Time is really of the essence with this particular problem. Every minute, the urine is building up inside your system and affecting the rest of your body function. Since there is no urine to test, the doctor will ask you about the symptoms you are experiencing, and whether there is any pain, and check your body for visible swelling. The doctor will also ask you about your lifestyle and dietary habits, and recent changes in them. After that, the doctor may send you for some blood or imaging tests, and try to quickly make a diagnosis and come up with treatment options.